Reef Tools Help



Reef Id
Aquarium Supply Info

Author Archive

Monday, May 17th, 2010

BIO-ACTIF system is a new synthetic salt from Tropic Marin, designed to promote the growth of bioactive substances and improving livestock health by promoting protection for the mucous membrane of reef aquarium fish. BIO-ACTIF is also said to promote brighter colors and improved polyp extension in corals. In addition to these benefits, BIO-ACTIF is supposed to improve the breakdown of excess nutrients and pollutants in the water column. This in turn leads to clean and clear water. In order to maximize this process, a 15% water change is recommended by Tropic Marin.

Here is a detailed list of benefits of the BIO-ACTIF reef salt mis from Tropic Marin:

  • Rapid success in coral growth, even for beginners.
  • Advanced reef aquarists can grow even very challenging and delicate species which have always been regarded as impossible to keep.
  • Corals which once seemed incompatible because of their different demands in terms of care can be cared for together, with all species enjoying good growth and ideal conditions. Small polyp and large polyp stony corals can be kept together with leather corals, for example, without their combined care being detrimental to either group.
  • The low-nutrient environment also allows sponges and complex higher-order algae to grow without running wild, adding their own natural and authentic touch to the indoor reef.
  • Active control of the pH and carbonate hardness is conducive to the sustained growth of corals, calcareous red algae and other calcifying organisms.
  • Skimming action for the elimination of contaminants and suspended matter provides a permanent solution to cloudiness, allowing the reef aquarium to shine in full clarity in the most vibrant colours.

[via aquacave]

Friday, May 14th, 2010

The new Tunze DOC Master skimmer models 9620/9640 offer improved ergonomics and efficiency. This new protein skimmer from Tunze, is an evolution over the traditional external skimmer designs, commonly used in reef aquariums. The Tunze Master DOC 9620 and 9640 protein skimmers are intended for use in applications where a high bioload is present, or where SPS is demanding of pristine water conditions. Simple installation, low-noise operation, a large skimmer cup, easy ozone integration, and a patented Anti-Overfoaming system are just a few of the features of this new protein skimmer from Tunze.

Thursday, May 13th, 2010

This Lettuce Sea Slug video from Morphologic Studios is one of our favorites. This colorful species is often mistakingly confused with a nudibranch. The Lettuce Sea Slug requires an ample amount of live rock on which it can forage for algae. Additionally, the Elysia crispata integrates chloroplasts from the algae into it’s own tissue, and therefore it obtains part of it’s energy from photosynthesis. This slug can easily get sucked into a powerhead, so please take care to cover pump intakes if you house one.

Lettuce sea slugs (Elysia crispata) are a commonly found in protected nearshore Floridian waters where green macroalgae proliferates. They belong to a clan of sea slugs, the sarcoglossans, that are characterized by their ‘sap-sucking’ feeding habits of algae. These slugs slowly patrol mangrove roots and rocks searching for green algae upon which they feed. They store some of the chloroplasts from eaten algae in their tissue, giving it the green coloration. The chloroplasts continue to function, providing the slug with photosynthetic energy. The ruffles along the back of the lettuce sea slug are called parapodia, and help provide more surface area for the chloroplasts to inhabit. They also camouflage the slug amongst the leafy algae that they live amongst. It is very easy to swim past a lettuce nudibranch without ever noticing it.

Wednesday, May 12th, 2010

The DFS Super Blue Tenuis is incredible. The incredibly bright blue Acropora tenuis from LiveAquaria is available in limited quantities on Diver’s Den. This coral, collected in Australia, has only been available since the beginning of May, so make sure to check it out and pick up one of the few frags left. You’ll also find the DFS Real Deal Blue Echinata, 30k Lokani, FHI Chutes Acropora, an assortment of ORA corals, and much more.

Want to be notified of Diver’s Den updates? Sign up for the automated Email Alert.

Here is a photo of the DFS Super Blue Tenuis mother colony.

Care Level: Difficult
Temperament: Peaceful
Lighting: Moderate to High
Waterflow: Medium to Strong
Water Conditions: dKH 8-12, sg 1.023-1.025, 72-82° F, pH 8.0-8.4
Supplements: Calcium, Magnesium, Strontium, Trace Elements

Wednesday, May 12th, 2010

TUNZE® Nano Reefpack 200 offers a new water treatment concept for small reef aquariums from 10 to 52 gallons. The Nano Reefpack 200 consists of a Nano DOC Skimmer 9002, a mechanical Nano Cleaner with a pump (800l/h/211USgal./h) and a magnet holder. The Nano Reefpack by Tunze is designed for beginners as well as for experienced aquarists. The water is treated on the basis of dirt removal and contains no biological stages. Like all TUNZE® components, the Nano Reefpack is a modular solution, which can be supplemented with Osmolator 3155 and Calcium Dispenser, et cetera.

The Nano Reefpack 200 in detail:
SKIMMING ACTION: Nano DOC Skimmer 9002.
FILTER ACTION: Nano Cleaner 3165 with an output of 800l/h (211USgal./h), micro wadding 872.01 and filter bag for activated carbon and other absorbers, such
as for phosphate.
STORAGE TANK 5002.10: with a volume of 13 litres (3.4USgal.); is used to hold the refill water.
HOLDING DEVICE: The Nano Reefpack is supplied with Magnet Holder 6080.50 as a standard feature to permit mounting at any
point in the aquarium (up to a glass thickness of 12mm (.47in.).
POWER CONSUMPTION: Only 20 W for all components, 230V/50Hz (115V/60Hz).
Completely ready for mounting with holding device, storage tank and filter wadding.
Dimensions of the skimmer cup: L120 x W114 x H338mm (L4.7 x W4.4 x H13.3in.).

Monday, May 10th, 2010

A few weeks ago, we told you about the new Skimz Monzter II Series Protein Skimmers. Well, Skimz, always dedicated to improving their products, are not coming out with a new Monzter “E-Series” protein skimmers. The new E-Series will be available in both internal and external models, and from the attached images, we must say they look impressive. We’ll reveal a bit more as the week goes on.

SM122 – for aquarium 200 – 750 L

SM162 – for aquarium 500 – 1200 L

SM 202 – for aquarium 800 to 2000 L

SM 252 – for aquarium 1000 to 3000 L

SM 302 – for aquarium 1500 to 4000 L


SM121 – for aquarium 200 – 750 L

SM161 – for aquarium 500 – 1200 L

SM 201 – for aquarium 800 to 2000 L

SM 251 – for aquarium 1000 to 3000 L

Sunday, May 9th, 2010

Buy The Reef has been in business for several years offering Australia and other high end coral and fish items for sale through its online store. In an email to current customers, they have announced they will be now be offering live auctions of these items on their website. Customers will also be able to combine shipping on items from the auctions with purchases from their online store.

Shipping from this company will now be just a $30 unlimited flat rate. There will be no box fees or any other additional fees charged to customers.

Buy The Reef is becoming the first mainstream live stock vender to offer both auctions and a full online store which customers can purchase from instantly. It will be interesting to watch this website unfold and see how it is accepted by users and customers.

Thursday, May 6th, 2010

If you own one of the original AquaIllumination modular LED aquarium light, and have been drooling to get your hands on the new Cree XP LED release, the time is nearing. In a press release, AquaIllumination revealed that a new AI Gen One Upgrade Kit will be available soon, and that a support ticket can be submitted in order to request further info.

The upgrae kit consists of:

  • 8 – AI LED Puck Assemblies – 2 Cree XP-G White and 1 Cree XP-E Blue
  • 8 – AI Triple Lens & Splash Guard
  • 1 – AI LED Driver Board
  • 1 – AI AC/DC Power Supply & Cord
  • 2 – Cooling Fans
  • 1 – AI Module Connector End Plate

When it becomes available, the cost of the new AquaIllumination Gen one upgrade kit will be $250, and will be available directly from C2D through a new online ordering system. Alternatively, you may have C2D perform the upgrade for you, by mailing the module/s in.

Tuesday, May 4th, 2010

The intent of this article is to document the cycling period of a sulphur denitrator using digital read outs using a Pinpoint nitrate monitor. A simple, 60 gallon FOWL system was set up using only live rock and a maxi mod. The nitrates were allowed to climb to 29ppm.

Here is a photograph of the tank showing the denitrator on the right side.


The initial reading of the nitrates in the aquarium was 29 ppm. When using the the suggested API test kit the color indicated being somewhere between 20 to 40 ppm. The Pinpoint nitrate monitor showed 29 ppm.


0 days 01 hours

The sulphur denitrator ran for 1 hour with the effluent valve wide open to allow the water to circulate through the unit. The effluent water then tested to be 25 ppm. This documents an immediate 4 ppm decrease in the first hour. alt

Here is a picture showing the denitrator effluent.


After running for one hour wide open, the effluent was set as slow as i could get it. Roughly 40-60 drips a minute.

0 days 02 hours

A test of the effluent 2 hours into the cycling shows an immediate drop of 2 ppm.


0 days 03 hours

A test of the effluent 3 hours into the cycling shows a remarkable drop of 7 ppm. As seen below the effluent is now testing 16 ppm.


0 days 04 hours

A test of the effluent 4 hours into the cycling shows no decrease in nitrates from the effluent.

0 days 05 hours

At the 5th hour the effluent test to be 12 ppm. That is a 17 ppm drop in the effluent in as little as 5 hours.


0 days 06 hours

A test of the effluent 6 hours into the cycling shows the effluent creeping back up to 16. The increase is normal and indicates that the drip rate will need to be raised shortly.


A test on the tank water shows the nitrates have dropped from 29 ppm to 24 ppm.

0 days 16 hours

Overnight the nitrates rose to 18 ppm. The drip rate will now be double to 80 drops a min.


0 days 17 hours

The effluent was tested again, 1 hour after the flow rate was increased (doubled). The nitrates are back up to 22 ppm.


The tank water was also tested after the effluent was doubled to 80 drips a minute showing the nitrates have climbed to 26 ppm. This seems to be working backwards, since the nitrates have climbed. This is part of the cycling procedure.


0 days 20 hours

A test 3 hours later showed the same readings.

1 days 3 hours

A test 7 hours later shows the nitrates in the effluent rose by 1 ppm to 23 ppm.

1 days 7 hours

A test 4 hours later shows the effluent starting to drop again to 20 ppm.


1 days 17 hours

Test show 10 hours later the effleunt has dropped to 10 ppm. The tank water was again tested showing the nitrates to be at 23 ppm.


2 days 8 hours

15 hours later the shows Lo on the Pinpoint nitrate monitor.


Now that the Pinpoint monitor is reading Lo it is time to recalibrate the monitor to the low side so that we can get accurate readings.

The drip rate was increased to 100 drips a minute while the Pinpoint monitor was being calibrated. After calibration the nitrate reading was 10 ppm.

At this time the effluent was again raised to 120 drips per min.

2 days 7 hours

Effluent test show the nitrate level to be 2ppm.


2 days 7 hours

The effluent was increased to a “weak” stream.

2 days 14 hours

Test on the effluent show the nitrate level is now untestable by the Pinpoint monitor.


Test on the tank water also show the nitrate level to be untestable.

Now that the tank has been reduced to virtually no nitrates the effluent will be increased to a regular stream as the filter will need to turn over more water. If the effluent is not increased enough a rotten egg smell will be noticed. If this is experienced, simply increase the flow slightly.



Tuesday, May 4th, 2010

This cool Flatworms High Definition video from Morphologic Studios, shown at 3x the actual speed, depicts to movement and behavior of these “cute” little things. Also known as Red planaria, this common pest will rapidly grow in numbers in tanks with elevated nutrient levels. At high population levels, red planaria can cover corals and block the light from reaching them. Where’s a Blue Velvet Nudibranch when you need one? 😉

The flatworms (Convolutriloba retrogemma) featured in the video are shown at 3x normal speed. They each range from 2-4mm in total length.

These particular flatworms harbor symbiotic zooxanthellae in their thin tissue and utilize the excess sugars they create as their primary energy source. Packets of zooxanthellae can be seen as the tiny, red-brown dots along the back of flatworm. Their reliance upon this photosynthesis requires that these flatworms bask in sunlight like little photovoltaic cells, and enables them to live without a developed digestive system.

© 2012 Reef Tools. All rights reserved.