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Thursday, January 19th, 2012

The Kaudern’s Cardinal, also known as Banggai Cardinalfish and Longfin Cardinalfish, is a very nice black and silver and white fish, very popular for it’s appearance and ease of care. Often found in small groups, the Kaudern’s Cardinal requires a minimum aquariums size of 30 gallons. If a larger group is kept in a smaller tank, conspecific aggressive can occur.

The Kaudern’s Cardinal is also relatively easy to breed in captivity. The male Kaudern’s Cardinalfish broods the eggs, and later on the fry in his mouth. This increases the chances of successfully raising the young, and the male offers protection. It is fairly difficult to sex this fish, so you may have to wait for a pairing to occur.

A well balanced diet of meaty foods (better if vitamin enriched) should be offered, especially when first introduced to a new system. Although you should always quarantine fish, in this case, it gives you the ability to ensure that they are eating prior to being introduced to your tank.

Tuesday, January 17th, 2012

Wendy Zukerman states in a recent article that carbon dioxide in the oceans acts like alcohol on fish. This sounds like a plus for the fish, but it turns out their inhibitions and judgments are distorted. I know, it’s hard to see this as being an issue until you live in world full of sharks and fish hooks. Imagine Taco Bell hiding a hook in that midnight drive through burrito! The article states that it is estimated that 2.3 million tones of human caused carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions find its way into the ocean each year. I’m guessing that is the equivalent of a case of beer or at least 10 Tanqueray and tonics a day. Some of the scientific types on the ReefTools forum are currently working on a formula to get me an exact CO2 to alcoholic conversion.

If you want to find the full story including the drunk fish antidote click here.

Tuesday, January 17th, 2012


Photo: PJ Robertson

Professors Terry Hughes and Bob Pressey, from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and James Cook University are urging the Australian public to get
be hind a Federal plan to convert close to a million square miles of Coral Sea into the largest marine park in the world. Currently less than .1% of the ocean is protected from environmental degradations such as overfishing, pollution and global warming. “The unsustainable by-catch of turtles, sharks and birds in ocean fisheries, and the rapid decline of large sharks from illegal finning, are major concerns worldwide. They warrant immediate intervention to prevent serious long-term damage,” Prof Hughes said.

Monday, January 16th, 2012

One week day afternoon I had the opportunity to slip away from the desk and catch the tail end of a hurricane swell hitting the beach of Cape Canaveral. I could barely see other surfers in the distance leaving me alone with no competition for shoulder to head high sets in perfectly glassy waters. In between sets I would catch movement out of the corner of my eye followed by a splash off in the distance. After a few minutes of this I started getting a little creeped out, naturally. I caught the glimpse of a ray jumping out of the water and slamming down on the surface with a splash. I thought to myself how cool is this? I watched dozens of jumping rays in the next few minutes when I started thinking about Steve Irwin’s fatal experience. The man wrestled gators and teased rattle snakes only to fall pray to a chance encounter with a stingray barb to the chest. Suddenly a ray came shooting out of the water and slams back down 3 feet from the nose of my board! I
watched the rest of the show from the beach.

In this video posted back in October of 2011, hundreds of rays can be seen jumping out of the water. The poster states these are Mobula Rays off of Isla Espiratu Santos near La Paz, located in the Sea of Cortez. This area is part of a federally decreed Flora and Fauna Protection Area and a United Nations Biosphere Reserve.

Monday, January 16th, 2012

Here is a summery of last week’s most popular Reef News.

  1. $4.8 Million – T-Rex Aquarium
  2. Red Sea Max S-Series All-in-one Aquarium System
  3. Million Dollar Shark0
  4. Flatworms Found to be more than just a nuisance to corals.
  5. A Second Two-Faced Clam Hits the Market with A $BANG$
Sunday, January 15th, 2012

Tropical Marine Centre in Bristol has created a YouTube channel to upload images and video footage of interesting livestock as it becomes available. The channel is listed as TMCBristol’s channel consisting of 9 videos to date.

Here is a video showing off the TMC Bristol Flame Dwarf Parrot (Cirrhilabrus jordani)

Sunday, January 15th, 2012

Although not all our aquarium inhabitants are from Hawaii, this book is a nice reference. The book covers anemone stings, coral cuts, fireworm stings, scorpionfish wounds, etc. All of us will experience at least one of these events at some time. Excerpts can be found online and Amazon has used copies for as little as $12.96. At the very least book mark the following links to the excerpts:

http://www.aloha.com/~lifeguards/alsting1.html
http://www.aloha.com/~lifeguards/alsting2.html
http://www.aloha.com/~lifeguards/alsting3.html

This book is available here: All Stings Considered: First Aid and Medical Treatment of Hawaii’s Marine Injuries

Paperback: 233 pages
Publisher: Univ of Hawaii Pr; 1 edition (June 1997)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0824819004
ISBN-13: 978-0824819002

The entire book is available on Google. I found the excerpts more useful.

Saturday, January 14th, 2012

We’ve all had issues with flatworms and we know they irritate our corals, but why has always been theories. The long thought symbiotic relationship between corals and flat worms has been a mystery. The term symbiotic in my opinion is an incorrect statement based on my experience. Some corals seem to tolerate flatworms leaving them to be a visual nuisance while other corals really seem to be irritated by the presence of flatworms often causing the death of the coral. A new study published in the scientific journal Coral Reefs has determined that flatworms compete with corals for zooplankton making them a parasite. Something reefers have always assumed. The full story can be found here: http://resources.metapress.com/pdf-preview.axd?code=083382116q372226&size=largest

Saturday, January 14th, 2012

EcoTech Marine is sponsoring the Coral Restoration Foundation’s Adopt-a-Coral program to help preserve Elkhorn and Staghorn corals off of Key Largo, FL on the Molasses Reef. EcoTech is donating more than monetary support. This video shows Justin Lawyer of the EcoTech team on a dive to plant 60 Staghorn corals in an effort to repopulate the reef.

Friday, January 13th, 2012

Premium Aquatics: 36″ PLUS Premium Quality Reservoir – w/Dual Micron Bags. Regular price $379.99, now only $299.99.
Salty Critter:Giesemann T5 Bulbs, 24″ 14.95.
HelloLights: 14,000K Iwasaki HQI Double-Ended 250W. Regular price $74.95, now only $54!
Marine Depot: 25% off Hydor Koralia Smart Wave Pump Controller.
That Pet Place: 30 in. Coralife Lunar Aqualight CF Fixture – 2 x 65W CF – 2 x LED Lunar. Regular price $199.99, now only $151.99.
Bulk Reef Supply: 10% OFF Enaly Aquarium Ozone Generator.
Foster and Smith Aquatics: 20% OFF Coralife Super Skimmer Needle Wheel Protein Skimmer.
Reef Specialty: Coralvue “High Seas” Wave Makers – CV-101B. Regular price $29.99, now only $26.99!
SeaQuest Marine: AquaC RX-1 Calcium Reactor. Regular price $449.95, now only $428.88!
Aquarium Guys: Fluval Chi Glass Aquarium Kit – 5 gallon. Regular price $71.99, now only $55.09!
Big Als Online: Rite Size E Emperor Cartridge – 4 pk. Regular price, $7.49, now only $11.99.

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